A Dummy's Guide to Surviving Natural Disasters

A Dummy's Guide to Surviving Natural Disasters

When nature strikes back, refuge can sometimes be impossible. Throughout human history, we have seen how the human population has been devastated by the strongest and most terrifying calamities that ever hit the Earth. Earthquakes, tsunamis, storm surges, typhoons and even abnormal hailstorms all have the ability to kill, injure and destruct lives.

Let's have a look at a few different natural disasters and how you can survive them without specialist survival gear:

Earthquakes

Earthquakes are caused by sudden movements of tectonic plates beneath the Earth's crust. What some people do not know is that earthquakes often occur several times every day, although the intensity varies from minimal to a scale enough to destroy whole cities. The effect is instant and abrupt, so you have to make quick, smart decisions in times of earthquakes. If you are within a structure, find a stable concrete barrier that can serve as your overhead protection. Do not attempt to go out of a building or drive away from the center of the panic. Refrain from staying on bridges, trees, electric posts, or anything that has the potential to fall down. In some cases, earthquakes can trigger tsunamis if the activity takes place under the ocean floor.

Volcanic Eruptions

Unlike earthquakes, volcanoes show imminent signs before they inevitably erupt. It may also be classified as phreatic, where the volcano explodes gaseous materials instead of magma flows. Signs of a possible volcanic eruption include sudden change of color in the soil, frequent falling rocks, and unusual changes in the flora and fauna ecosystem of the mountain. Eruptions are oftentimes detected in advance so you must follow emergency evacuations if you are living within the danger zone. Towns outside the area will experience severe ash and maybe acid rain. It is best to stay indoors and cover your nose and mouth with a damp cloth to prevent inhalation of dirty air.

Floods

Flooding is the result of combined continuous rain and sometimes strong winds. Regardless of the location, whether coastal areas or city centers, floods can instantly take people and infrastructure by surprise. Your ultimate goal is to reach elevated ground. Do not attempt to drive away through the flood. Stay away from irrigation systems, streams, rivers, and beaches as water can suddenly increase. Survival gear such as GPS and radios should help you locate a safer place and stay abreast of the floods path.

Hurricanes

A hurricane is a type of tropical storm that forms in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean. All US states can be subject to hurricanes but some a lot more than others. Geography plays a critical factor in the destructive force of hurricanes. Before a hurricane strikes, make your house as secure as possible by strapping roofs and tightly fastening doors and windows. Situate yourself on the ground floor of your house. Do not aim to reach a higher place because the intensity of hurricanes gets stronger at an increased height. Do not be deceived when all of a sudden everything becomes quiet. It could be the eye of the hurricane passing by and more is yet to come.

Photo by NASA Goddard Photo and Video / CC